This text was issued in c. 1100 but now survives only in the manuscript containing the so-called Red Book of the Exchequer from the early thirteenth century. The text we have was the version sent to Worcestershire. It is concerned with coinage and moneyers.

Digital edition

Edited by Richard Sharpe

  • Felix Liebermann, ed., Die Gesetze der Angelsachsen, 3 vols (Halle, 1903–1916), vol. 1, p. 523 [from Rb].
  • D. Wilkins, Leges Anglo-Saxonicae (London, 1721), 305 [from e Musaeo 89]; Foedera, Record Commission (1816), i. 12 [from Rb];
  • H. T. Riley, Munimenta Gildhallae Londiniensis, Rolls Series 12 (1859–62), ii. 648 [from Hg];
  • H. Hall, Red Book of the Exchequer, Rolls Series 99 (1896), vol. i, p. xcviii (rubric only) [from Rb, but noting Hg Cl];
  • A. J. Robertson, The Laws of the Kings of England from Edmund to Henry I (Cambridge, 1925), 284–5 (with English translation);
  • R. A. Brown, Origins of English Feudalism (London, 1973), 142–3 (no. 53) (extract in English).

Manuscripts

Introduction

by Richard Sharpe

Writ notifying the shires of England that the king has commanded regulations for the minting of the king’s money and punishments for those making false money. Christmas 1100.

 

Date: Christmas 1100, while William Giffard was Henry’s chancellor; he was replaced by Roger no later than Easter 1101. Stubbs, Lectures in English History, 113, ignored the internal evidence of date when he discussed the act in relation to the king’s action to protect the coinage in 1108.

Address: Shire court of Worcestershire. Like {1} above and {4} below, this is one of a group of acts sent out to all shires for which the Worcestershire text was copied in the Red Book.

Witness: William Giffard, as chancellor; Robert, count of Meulan; Robert fitz Haimo; Richard de Redvers.

Place: Westminster.

Context: The dating of the act to Christmas 1100 is certain, and it should be read against the background of the Coronation charter, § 5, which indicates a concern over false coin at the outset of the reign. This document uniquely provides important insights into how the crown exercised control of the coinage.