This document, which survives in the original with King John’s great seal attached to it, is the preliminary draft terms of Magna Carta presented to the king at Runnymede in June 1215. The articles formed the basis of much in Magna Carta itself, which was issued by the royal chancery about a month later. The majority of the articles deal with the regulation of rights and customs and were drawn up in response to King John’s exploitation and abuse of the justice system.

Manuscripts